Gastrointestinal complaints in athletes

Am I the only one with stomach problems? Gastro-intestinal (GI) complaints are very common amongst endurance athletes with an estimated 30 to 50% of distance runners experience GI problems related to exercise. What are the most common issues? The complaints are normally divided into two primary categories: symptoms of the upper intestinal tract or symptoms of the lower intestinal tract (see figure). The most common upper GI symptoms include: ructation (belching) and vomiting, abdominal pain, gastroesophageal reflux (or heartburn), and bloating. Lower GI symptoms include: abdominal pains and cramping, increased flatulence, urge to defecate, and loose stool, diarrhea or even bloody diarrhea. T

Hydration requirements

Drink too little and performance may suffer. Drink too much and there are other risks. Proper hydration is important! Here we will discuss w

Fueling recommendations

Carbohydrate and fat are the two main fuels during exercise. Carbohydrate intake can improve performance but optimal intake is dependent on

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